Erzincan Tulum Cheese is Turkey's one of the unique cheeses. This soft ripened regional cheese has very distinct aroma and flavor. It is originally made by heating high-fat goat's milk to a temperature of 30 °C (86 °F) and subsequently souring it through addition a starter culture. The milk then starts to coagulate. After about an hour, the milk is entirely converted into curds and whey. The curd is drained and repeatedly cut by special knives into smaller cubes allowing the whey to drain. The temperature is kept constant throughout this process. The curds are collected in hemp cheesecloth, which have been cleaned, cooled and wetted before use. The bundles of curd are then hung for eight hours to allow them to drain and cure. The curds in the cheesecloth are then pressed into a form with a wooden cover. A weight is placed on the cover for several hours allowing more whey to be expressed. The curd is subsequently cut in pieces the size of bar of soap and immersed in brine. The pieces are then arranged on a counter, and cured for 24 hours. The next day, the curds are crushed by hand, kneaded with raw goat's milk and then tightly stuffed into a goatskin casing, which has been cleaned and salted. The curd filling is topped with salt, and the casing's opening is fastened with a cord. The goatskin casing is stored in a cool place such as a cave or cellar at temperatures of 10 to 12 °C (50 to 54 °F) for about six months to ripen. The casing may be perforated at its sides to allow any residual whey to drain.
The way of making tulum cheese in the Aegean region is different from the other regions in Anatolia. Saltwater is used in İzmir tulum. It is made from sheep's or mixed milk, contains higher fat than the traditional tulum and is harder and saltier than white cheese. Good İzmir tulum should have holes the size of a bird's eye.
A traditional farmhouse hard cheese, Kefalotyri is known historically to be the first cheese that was to be produced at the start of the new season, ensuring that the milk that was used during the cheesemaking process was taken after the lambs were weaned. Similar to Romano, this firm, dry cheese offers a slightly sharp finish to an already distinct sheeps milk flavored cheese. Moisture 38%. Weight is approximate and differs between 1.8lb to 2.5lb.Produce of Greece.
Tulum cheese (Turkish: tulum peyniri) is a traditional Turkish goat's milk cheese ripened in a goatskin casing (old time production), called tulum in Turkish. Due to its unique flavor, it is preferred as meze to rakı in Turkey. Tulum cheese is made by heating high-fat goat's milk to a temperature of 30 °C (86 °F) and subsequently souring it through addition a starter culture. The milk then starts to coagulate. After about an hour, the milk is entirely converted into curds and whey.
GAZİ Tulum with 45% fat i.d.m. is also known as nomad's cheese. In the past, before there were refrigerators to keep it in, cheese was salted and stored in goat or sheep skins to preserve it better. In many regions of Turkey, nomad's cheese is still made and preserved in this special way. GAZi Tulum tastes as terrific as the original.